Turf Seeds for All Your Sports

Turf seeds, in general, are used for leisure, landscape, and sports, however, sports constitute the largest share of all the uses. Such seeds are used in a number of sports, be it cricket, golf, football, baseball, etc. There are various types of seeds, each suited for a different sport, for instance, the most preferred varieties for golf are Ryegrass, Creeping Bentgrass, Bermuda Grass, Zoysia Grass, etc. There are several types in the market, like Creeping Bent Grass, Blue Kentucky Grass, Tall Fescue Grass, Rye Grass, Bermuda Grass, Zoysia Grass, Bahia Grass, and others.

Does this market for sports turf seed offer any benefits?

The demand for them is a derived demand for turf-based sports fields, and with increasing number of tournaments, including the yearly Indian Premier League (IPL), the demand for it has been increasing rapidly over the years. There are a number of factors that make a natural turf field superior to an artificial one, some of the factors are stated below:

• soil restoration and improvement

• noise abatement and glare reduction

• heat dissipation and temperature moderation

• surface water protection

However, with the growing trend of synthetic fields around the world, the growth of the market has somewhat slowed down.

What is the scenario for such a niche market?

A report by a market research firm estimates a 10.2% CAGR for the global sports turf seed market, which was worth USD 836.7 million in 2015.

What we are observing globally, in terms of sports turf seeds, is that the world trade of turf grass seed revolves around five major players. The United States is by far the largest producer and exporter of grass seed in the world. This is followed by the EU15 as a whole, then Canada and New Zealand follow. The other nations of significance in the market are Argentina and the Czech Republic.

The main hurdles for the global turf seed market are; falling yield, rapid adoption of artificial turf, and rising costs of growing turf seeds.

However, with increasing number of research studies ongoing for the development of drought tolerant and other types of turfs around the world. For instance, Grass Traits and Varieties (GTV) program represents research on a wide breadth of target traits for grass cultivars in the United Kingdom, it is expected that new and better varieties are likely to be developed in the future, which may further drive market growth.

CRF’s – The Most Technically Advanced Method of Supplying Nutrients to Crops

Controlled Release Fertilizer (CRF) is a granulated fertilizer that releases nutrients gradually into the soil, with a controlled release period. The gradualness of the release depends on low solubility of chemical compounds in the soil moisture. Since conventional fertilizers are soluble in water, the nutrients disperse quickly, as the fertilizer dissolves. But controlled-release fertilizers are not water-soluble, the nutrients disperse into the soil slowly, giving time for the crops to absorb the nutrients. Hence, improving the yield.

A steady nutrient supply for plants!

They offer many advantages over conventional fertilizers. Some of these advantages are as follows:

- They avoid the common “feast-or-famine” syndrome, observed during the inconsistent application of fast-release fertilizers.

- Fast-release fertilizers are easy to apply in excess, consequently damaging the plant.

- Waterway, stream, and groundwater pollution is a problem, and some of that pollution has been traced to fertilizers washing through these water bodies. Because the regulated fertilizers release nutrients slowly, they are less likely to contribute to this type of pollution.

- Compared to natural organic fertilizers, these fertilizers are more concentrated, easier to handle, and they are not dependent upon soil microbes and water to make nutrients available.

However with CRFs, once the fertilizer has been incorporated, it cannot be changed. In early spring and late fall, when temperatures are unseasonably warm or cool, the fertilizer may be released too quickly and cause root burn, or dissolve too slowly causing nutrient deficiencies hence, displaying a lack of flexibility in use.

How to Measure Moisture Content in Rice

Moisture content is basically the weight of water that is contained in the rice or paddy which is expressed in percentage. This is referred to the wet basis that means the total weight of the grain inclusive of water.

Why is it important?

It is extremely important to measure the content of moisture in the rice because of the managing and marketing of paddy and rice. Due to different purposes of rice that depends on different ideal moisture contents makes the testing of accurate moisture content essential. If there are inaccurate measurements of moisture content, it can lead to different serious scenarios:

If the grain is extremely wet in the storage, it will get spoiled.
In case the grain is too solid means very dry, it will result in the weight loss of these grains that means loss in profit.
If paddy is harvested wetter than what is required, it will lead to extra drying cost and also loss in harvesting.
When rice is milled at wrong moisture content, there is lower head rice.
If you dry the paddy too far, it results in extra drying cost along with loss in the quality of the rice.

How to measure the moisture content?

There are two methods of measuring the moisture of content in grain:

Primary Method – It is based on the weight measurements such as infrared moisture balance and oven method
Secondary Method – Electronic instruments are used in this method that makes use of electrical characteristics of grain

When it comes to measuring the moisture content, there are a number of portable grain moisture meters that can be used. Make sure, when you are selecting a meter for this purpose, that it is suitable for the activity that you are going to use it for, such as milling grain or harvesting paddy.

The type of portable moisture meter used in:

Harvesting – Here, to measure MC use a resistance moisture meter that can provide you quick results with small samples only. If you have low MC, you will have more losses from shattering and higher Mc will result in losses from poor grain quality.

Drying – The seeds should be dried below 12% and grains below 14% as improper drying will lead to low see and grain quality. In order to avoid any damage, dry the paddy within 24 hrs after the harvesting.

Storage – In the initial weeks and months, MC percentage should be 14% or less and in 8 to 12 months, it should be 13% or less.

Milling – The standard MC is between 13% and 14%.